Francisco de Goya remains one of the finest artists to have come from Spain, and also one the last "Old Masters". Francisco de Goya marked the change from the old to the new within European art and all of his most impressive oil paintings are included here within Goyapaintings.org which has additional information on the life of the artist alongside each of his works.
Francisco de Goya's major works included Nude Maja, Saturn Devouring One of His Children, Witches Sabbath, Third of May, Second of May and Execution of the Defenders of Madrid. Several of his best known paintings have extreme importance to the political history of Spain and depict the struggles of his country against the supressive French who at that time were in charge of parts of Spain.
Goya attempted to get across the struggles of his countrymen in an honest and accurate way that other artists had rarely done at that time.
Goya Paintings included the self-portrait, above, but in most cases Goya's subjects were political scenes, portraits or landscapes. Goya portraits would typically be within a scene rather than just head-shots, and this is comparable to perhaps Thomas Gainsborough who would combine portraits and landscapes together to great effect.
All of Goya's political paintings concern the French rule over Spain which clearly was of great concern and anger to this artist who chose to use his art as a way of historically capturing these moments for generations to come.
At the time of Goya's career there were seldom few photographers and journalists to visually capture the historic moments occuring across a turbulent Europe where states were attacking states and countries likewise taking on neighbouring countries, with no boundaries readily accepted as the way they should remain.
It was left to artists such as Goya to capture history within their art and use their own reputations to get exposure to each finished painting.